Conference Updates

Why LDAMUN?

Published on February 20, 2017

Model United Nations, also known as MUN, is an actual simulation of the United Nations.

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Terms & Conditions

Published on February 16, 2017

Early bid fees (registration until 15 of April)

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Apply For Conference

Published on February 16, 2017

When you apply, you declare your full reception of all the rules you can find here: Terms and conditions, and should read carefully before applying. Keep in mind that you will have to sign it at a check in before a conference.

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How To Register

Published on February 15, 2017

First step to register for the conference is to fill delegate registration form

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Conference Venue

Published on February 14, 2017

Ivane Javakhishvili State University also known as Tbilisi State University. This is the place, where our conference will be held.

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CONFERENCE

OFFICIAL RULES OF PROCEDURE

I. GENERAL RULES

1. APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORS AND DELEGATES

The Secretary-General shall be responsible for the

appointment of all Committee Directors, Assistant

Directors and Delegates prior to the conference,

with the recommendation and support of the

Secretariat; and may remove, replace or reassign

them at any stage if they fail to fulfil their obligations

under the rules.

2. INTERPRETATION

Interpretation of the rules shall be reserved

exclusively for the Secretary-General or designated

members of the Secretariat. Such interpretation shall

be in accordance with the philosophy and principles

of LDA International Model United Nations, and

will seek to further its educational mission.

3. LANGUAGE

English will be the official and working language of

the conference, with the exception of those

committees where it has been previously stipulated

that another language will be the official and

working language of the committee, or that two

languages may be used.

Where the above exceptions do not apply, any

representative wishing to address any LDAMUN

body or submit a document in a language other than

English shall necessarily provide translation into

English. This does not increase the total speaking

time allotted to those representatives. The speech

and any necessary translation must fall within the

time limit set by chairs, which is the current

speaker’s time.

4. ETIQUETTE

All those participating in LDAMUN shall be

courteous and respectful at all times when dealing

with anyone directly involved with LDAMUN

(including Delegates/chairs of any Committee) and

indirectly involved through any of its partners

(including but not limited to sponsors, accommodation providers, and other university

students).

Participants are also expected to adhere to the

LDAMUN dress code, which is business formal

attire.

It is up to the Director of each Committee to decide

whether laptops are permitted in the Committee

room. This decision of the Director is not open to

appeal.

The Committee Directors shall immediately call to

order any Delegate who fails to comply with these

rules regarding etiquette. Directors and Assistant

Directors are empowered to suspend Delegates who

violate these rules. The Secretary-General and

designated Secretariat members can also

permanently remove delegates who commit a serious

breach of etiquette rules.

5. PARTICIPATION OF NONMEMBERS

Representatives of accredited Observers will have

the same rights as those of full members, except that

they may not sign or vote on substantive matters, i.e.

the final vote on a resolution. All observers are

allowed to vote on any procedural matter, but may

not vote in the final vote on a resolution (or a part

thereof divided out under the provision of the

Motion to divide the question under Rule 46).

A representative of an organisation that is neither a

member of the United Nations, nor an accredited

observer, may address a Committee only with the

prior approval of the Director.

6. INVITATION TO SILENT PRAYER

Immediately after the opening of the first

Committee session and immediately preceding the

closing of the final Committee session of the

Committee, the Director may invite the Delegates to

observe one minute of silence dedicated to prayer. A

formal request for silent prayer shall be made in

writing to the Director prior to the opening of the

first Committee session or during the final meeting

of the Committee.

II. COMMITTEE RULES

7. GENERAL POWERS OF THE COMMITTEE DIRECTORS

Under the powers conferred upon the Director by

the Secretary-General and these rules, the Director

shall declare the opening and closing of each

meeting of the Committee, direct the discussions,

ensure observance of these rules, accord the right to

speak, put questions to the vote and announce

decisions.

The Director, subject to these rules, shall have

complete control of the proceedings of the

Committee and over the maintenance of order at its

meetings. The Director shall rule on points of order,

may propose to the Committee the closure of the list

of speakers, a limitation on the time to be allowed to

speakers, the adjournment or closure of the debate,

and the suspension or adjournment of a meeting.

The Director may temporarily transfer his duties to a

member of the Secretariat or one of the Assistant

Directors. Committee Directors may also advise

Delegates on the possible course of debate. In the

exercise of these functions, the Committee Directors

will be at all times subject to these rules and

responsible to the Secretary-General.

Included in these enumerated powers is the Directors’

power to assign speaking times for all speeches

incidental to Motions and amendments. Further, the

Director is to use his or her discretion, upon the advice

of the Secretariat, to determine whether to entertain a

particular Motion based on the philosophy and

principles of LDAMUN. Such discretion should be

used on a limited basis and only in order to advance

the progress of debate.

8. MOTION TO APPEAL DIRECTOR’S DECISION

A Delegate may raise a Motion to appeal the

Director’s decision with regards to any decision of

the Director, except those that are outlined in these

rules as not open to appeal. A Delegate wishing to

raise such a Motion shall orally state their Motion

immediately after the Director has announced their

decision. The Director may speak briefly in defence

of their decision after which the Motion will be put

to a vote. The Director’s decision will stand unless

two-thirds of the Committee vote ‘Yes’ on the

Motion to appeal the Director’s decision. If such a

Motion to appeal a decision passes with a two-thirds

majority, then the decision has been overruled.

The Director’s decision not to approve a resolution

or amendment or allow laptops in the room is not

subject to such a Motion. Furthermore, the

Director’s ruling on the order in which Motions are

entertained, and whether to adopt Unmoderated

Caucus (or an extension thereof), Moderated Caucus

(or an extension thereof), Closure of Debate,

Adjournment of the Meeting, Adjournment of

Debate, and Right of Reply is not open to appeal.

The Director’s decision to stop entertaining Motions

at any time and to move to vote on those already

raised is also not open to a Motion to appeal;

Delegates can also not appeal the Director’s decision

on allowing follow-up questions to the questions

asked when a Delegate yields to Points of

Information.

The vote of appeal described in this rule is a

procedural vote and hence all Delegates will be

required to cast a vote - abstentions are out of order.

The decisions of the Secretary-General or members of

the Secretariat are not open to such a Motion to

appeal.

Delegates should note that this Motion should only be

used sparingly and in the last resort only after a point

of order has already been raised.

9. STATEMENTS BY THE SECRETARIAT

The Secretary-General or a member of the

Secretariat designated by him or her may, at any

time, make either written or oral statements to the

Committee.

10. QUORUM

In the first session of each day, the Director may

declare a Committee open and permit debate to

proceed when at least one-third of the total number

of members of the Committee are present in the

room.

In the sessions thereafter, quorum shall be one-third

of the members of the Committee present on that

day.

Roll Call must be taken at the start of every

Committee session. Quorum may be assumed unless

specifically challenged and shown to be absent by a

Roll Call.

The presence of the majority of Delegates of the

body concerned present on that day shall be required

for any decision on a substantive Motion to be

taken.

11. COMMITTEE SPECIFIC PROCEDURES

Certain Committees represented at LDAMUN may

follow rules of procedure which diverge from those

listed in this document in order to better model the

real life working of those Committees. This may

include, but is not limited to, requiring

supermajorities on substantive or procedural points,

and using different Motions. If such is the case, the

Director must agree such derogations with the

Secretariat and make Delegates aware of them either

well in advance of or specifically and clearly explain

them during Committee Sessions.

12. PROCEDURAL MOTIONS

Any Procedural Motion outlined in these rules will

be voted upon in a similar matter. When a

Procedural Motion is discussed, reference will be

made to one of the following two procedures: A

procedural vote with Speakers or A procedural vote

without speakers. The rules are as follows:

1) Procedural vote with speakers

After the motion is put forth, it will require

a Second. If there are no Seconds, the

motions fails immediately. If there is a

Second and no Objections, the motion

passes immediately. If there are seconds and

objections, a Speakers’ list will be

established with an equal number of

Speakers For and Against the motion. The

maximum number of Speakers for each side

shall be specified in these rules for each

specific motion. After the Speakers’ list has

been exhausted, the Committee will

immediately vote on the Motion. Member

states can not abstain from this vote. A

simple majority will be required for the vote

to pass.

2) Procedural vote without speakers

After the motion is put forth, it will require

a Second. If there are no Seconds, the

motions fails immediately. If there is a

Second and no Objections, the motion

passes immediately. If there are both

Seconds and Objections, the Committee will

immediately vote on the Motion. Member

states can not abstain from this vote. A

simple majority will be required for the vote

to pass.

When reference is made to these procedural votes in

the rules, exceptions may be addressed with it.

III. RULES GOVERNING THE AGENDA

13. PROVISIONAL AGENDA

The provisional Agenda (also known as Committee

Topics) shall be drawn up by the Secretariat and

communicated to members of LDAMUN at least

thirty days before the opening of the Agenda for

each Committee.

14. ROLL CALL

At the beginning of each Committee session

Committee Directors will call on Member States in

English alphabetical order to state their status of

attendance. Member States may reply ‘present’ or

‘present and voting’, where ‘present and voting’

means the Member State cannot abstain on the

substantive vote, i.e. the final vote on a resolution.

Observers are required to reply ‘present’ in

accordance with Rule 5.

For purposes of these rules, 'members present and

voting’ refers only to Member States with substantive

voting rights for that Committee, even if they have

chosen to be present only for that particular session

(and thus does not include observers).

15. SETTING THE AGENDA

The first order of business for the Committee will be

the consideration of the order in which Agenda

items shall be discussed. A Motion should be made

to put an Agenda item first. This will be up to a

Procedural vote with speakers, as outlined in 12.1.

The number of speakers for each side is unlimited,

as long as there is an equal number of speakers for

each side. As an exception to the general Procedural

vote with speakers, debate on the Motion must be

closed through a Motion to close debate. After at

least two speakers for each side have been heard, or

the speakers’ list has been exhausted, a Motion to

close debate is in order. The motion will immediately

be voted on in as a Procedural vote without

speakers, as outlined in 12.2. If this Motion passes,

the debate on the Motion regarding the agenda item

shall be closed and the Motion shall immediately be

voted on. If the Motion to close debate fails, the

Committee will move back to the Speakers’ list.

When a Motion to close debate on putting this

Agenda item first is put forth, it will immediately be

voted on. If the Motion fails, the Committee will

move back to the speakers’ list.

If the Motion to put an Agenda item first fails, the

other Agenda item will automatically be placed first

on the Agenda.

In the event of an international crisis or emergency,

the Secretary-General or his or her representative

may call upon a Committee to table debate on the

current Agenda item in order to address the urgent

matter. After a resolution has been passed on the

crisis topic, the Committee will return to debate on

the tabled Agenda item.

In the case that the provisional Agenda of the

Committee consists of only one topic; that topic

shall be adopted with neither discussion nor vote.

IV. RULES GOVERNING DEBATE

16. SPEAKERS’ LIST

After the Agenda has been determined, a

continuously open speakers list will be established

for the purpose of general debate, called the

‘General Speakers’ List’.

The Director shall ask the Committee for those who

wish to be added to the General Speakers’ List when

it is first open, and ask again from time to time; and

shall keep a written copy of the order of the

speakers. Any Delegate wishing to be added to the

General Speakers’ List can do so by sending a

written note to the Director or by raising their

placard when the Director asks if there are any

Delegates wishing to be added to the General

Speakers’ List. No Delegate may be on the General

Speakers’ List twice at the same time.

This General Speakers’ List will be followed for all

debate on the Agenda item, except when superseded

by procedural Motions such as those for

unmoderated or moderated caucuses. Speakers may

speak generally on the Agenda item being considered

and may address any resolution currently on the

floor. Should the General Speakers’ List elapse,

debate on the Agenda item shall be considered

finished and the Committee shall automatically move

into closing procedures.

17. PROPOSING MOTIONS

The Director can ask for any Motions at any point

when the floor is open. The Director will ask for

Motions one by one; only asking for Motions that

are equal to or supersede the Motions already raised.

The Director may stop asking for Motions at any

time and move to vote on those already raised. This

is at the Director’s discretion, for the purpose of

moving debate forward, and is not open to a Motion

to appeal.

The Director will then entertain the raised Motions

one by one, starting from highest in the order of

priority, i.e. the most superseding/most disruptive.

In the case of several Motions having equal priority,

the Director shall decide the order. When a Motion

is entertained, the Director shall move into a

Procedural vote with or without Speakers (in

accordance with the rules for that Motion) as

outlined in rule 12. If the Motion fails; it is discarded

and the Director shall move to the next most

superseding Motion as established above. This

continues until a Motion is passed or the floor

returns to the General Speakers’ List. If a Motion

passes, all other Motions previously raised are

removed from the floor and must be raised anew

when the Director next calls for Motions.

Note that all procedural Motions require a simple

majority of members present and voting to pass,

unless otherwise specified.

The procedure to raise all Motions is the same as the

procedure outlined in this Rule.

18. WITHDRAWING A PROPOSAL

The proposer of a Motion may withdraw that

Motion at any time before voting has commenced.

Any Delegate may reintroduce a Motion thus

withdrawn. If the Committee has approved a

Motion, the Committee member who moved its

introduction may not then withdraw it.

19. ORDER OF PRIORITY OF MOTIONS

The order of priority of Motions which may be

raised while the floor is open, from most to least

superseding, is:

1. Adjourning the Meeting (Rule 26)

2. Suspending the Meeting (Rule 25)

3. Closing Debate (Rule 24)

4. Adjourning Debate (Rule 22)

5. Resuming Debate (23)

6. Introducing Draft Resolutions (Rule 37)

7. Introducing Amendments (Rule 40)

8. Introducing a Friendly Amendment (Rule 41)

9. Introducing Working Papers (Rule 35)

10. Unmoderated Caucus (Rule 20)

11. Moderated Caucus (Rule 21)

A longer Motion of one type does not necessarily

supersede a shorter Motion of the same type.

20. UNMODERATED CAUCUS

A Motion for an Unmoderated Caucus is in order at

any time when the floor is open and the Director

asks for Motions. The Delegate raising the Motion

must briefly explain its purpose and specify an

overall time limit for the caucus, not to exceed thirty

minutes (including any Motions to extend the

caucus). The motion will be subject to a Procedural

vote without speakers in accordance with rule 12.2.

The Director may rule the Motion out of order if the

Director feels that Motion is not constructive to

debate at that point in time. This decision of the

Director is not open to appeal.

21. MODERATED CAUCUS

A Motion for a Moderated Caucus is in order at any

time when the floor is open prior to closure of

debate and the Director asks for Motions. In a

moderated caucus, the Director will temporarily

depart from the General Speakers’ List and call on

Delegates to speak at the Director’s discretion. The

Delegate making the Motion must briefly explain its

purpose and specify a time limit for the caucus, not

to exceed thirty minutes (including any Motions to

extend the caucus), and a time limit for the

individual speeches. The motion will be subject to a

Procedural vote without speakers in accordance with

rule 12.2. The Director may rule the Motion out of

order if the Director feels that Motion is not

constructive to debate at that point in time. This

decision of the Director is not open to appeal.

22. ADJOURNMENT OF DEBATE

A Motion for adjournment of debate requests

adjourning the Agenda item under discussion. If a

Motion for Adjournment passes, the Agenda item is

considered dismissed, all documents on it tabled, and

no further action will be taken on it. A successful

Motion for Adjournment means that the Committee

proceeds to the second Agenda item under

discussion, or an alternative Agenda item as directed

by the Secretariat.

A Motion for Adjournment is in order at any time

when the floor is open prior to closure of debate and

the Director asks for Motions.

The motion will be subject to a Procedural vote with

speakers in accordance with rule 12.1. The maximum

number of speakers for each side will be Two.

The Director may at his or her discretion rule this

Motion out of order, if for instance the Committee

has already moved to the second Agenda item. This

decision of the Director is not open to appeal.

23. RESUMPTION OF DEBATE

A Motion for Resumption of Debate requests

reopening debate on an Agenda item previously

adjourned.

The motion will be subject to a Procedural vote with

speakers in accordance with rule 12.1. The maximum

number of speakers for each side will be Two.

24. CLOSURE OF DEBATE

A Motion for the Closure of Debate requests ending

all discussion on the Agenda item and moving into

voting procedures on all substantive proposals

introduced under debate, i.e. all Draft Resolutions.

Once this Motion has been successfully passed,

debate has been closed, and voting procedures

completed, the Committee shall immediately adopt

the second Agenda item, or an alternative Agenda

item as directed by the Secretariat.

A Motion for Closure of Debate is in order at any

time when the floor is open prior to closure of

debate and the Director asks for Motions. Note

however that the Director may rule the Motion out

of order if the Director feels that there should be

further debate before moving to voting procedures.

This decision of the Director is not open to appeal.

The motion will be subject to a Procedural vote with

speakers in accordance with rule 12.1. The maximum

number of speakers for each side will be Two.

Closure of Debate shall require a two-thirds

majority of all members present in Committee.

25. SUSPENSION OF THE MEETING

A Motion for the Suspension of the Meeting

requests the temporary stopping of the meeting. It is

usually used at the end of a Committee session.

While the floor is open, a Delegate may move for

the Suspension of the Meeting, specifying a time for

reconvening. The motion will be subject to a

Procedural vote without speakers in accordance with

rule 12.2.

This Motion should be used to propose short breaks

of the session, rather than through unmoderated

caucuses, which require a substantive purpose.

The Director may rule the Motion out of order if the

Director feels that it is not yet time for the

suspension of a session. This decision of the

Director is not open to appeal.

26. ADJOURNMENT OF THE MEETING

The Adjournment of the Meeting means the end of

the Committee’s work in the 14th session of

LDAMUN. After adjournment, the Committee may

reconvene at LDAMUN 2017.

As this Motion, if successful, would end the session

until the Committee’s next regularly scheduled

meeting, the Director will not entertain it until the end

of the last session of the Committee. The Director’s

decision on whether to entertain this Motion is not

open to appeal.

The motion will be subject to a Procedural vote

without speakers in accordance with rule 12.2.

V. RULES GOVERNING SPEECH

27. RIGHT TO SPEAK

No Delegate may address a session without having

previously obtained the permission of the Director

(except during an unmoderated caucus). The

Director may at their discretion call a Delegate to

order if his or her speech is not relevant to the

subject under discussion; is considered personally

offensive to any party; infringes upon the

sovereignty of a Member State; or otherwise goes

against the rules and spirit of LDAMUN.

28. TIME LIMIT ON SPEECHES

The Director may limit the time allotted to each

speaker. The minimum time limit will be thirty

seconds and the maximum time limit two minutes

(except for introduction of a Draft Resolution).

When a Delegate exceeds the allotted time, the

Director may call the speaker to order.

Should the Director not explicitly state a

different speaking time for the General

Speakers’ List, the time limit shall be 90

seconds.

Delegates may raise a Motion to Change the

Speaking Time on the General Speakers’ List should

they feel that extending or limiting the time limit

would be beneficial to debate. The motion will be

subject to a Procedural vote without speakers in

accordance with rule 12.2.

29. YIELDS

If a Delegate granted the right to speak on the

General Speakers’ list has time remaining at the end

of his or her speech, the Delegate may yield in one

of three ways.

- Yield to another Delegate. His or her remaining

time will be given to that Delegate, who may

not, however, make any further yields.

- Yield to Points of Information. The Director will

select Delegates wishing to ask a question of

the current speaker, and these Delegates will

then be limited to one short question. The

Director will have the right to call to order

any Delegate whose question is, in the

opinion of the Director, rhetorical, leading,

or not designed to elicit information. Only

the time taken for the speaker’s answers

to questions will be deducted from the

speaker’s remaining time. Follow-up

questions to the speaker are at the

Director’s discretion and should be

permitted in cases where the speaker’s initial

question has, in the opinion of the Director,

not been adequately addressed. This

decision by the Director is not open to

appeal.

It should be noted that there is a special rule

regarding Points of Information: a Delegate

who has finished his or her speaking time

but still wishes to entertain Points of

Information may be granted fifteen

additional seconds in which to do so. It is

the duty of the Director to ask Delegates if

they wish to make use of this right.

- Yield to the Chair/Dais. Such a yield should

be made if the Delegate does not wish to

yield to questions or another Delegate. The

Director will then move to the next speaker.

30. RIGHT OF REPLY

A Delegate may request a Right of Reply only in

cases where the Delegate feels another Delegate has

impugned their country’s national integrity. A

remark that impugns a Delegate’s ‘national integrity’

is one directed at the governing authority of that

Member State and/or one that puts into question

that Member State’s sovereignty.

Requests for a Right of Reply must be submitted to

the Director in writing, along with a short

explanation of the reason for the request. If the

Director deems that such a request is in order, the

Delegate may – in the time limit determined by the

Director – reply and state why the Delegate feels

that the remark being replied to is incorrect or

unjustified.

The Director’s decision whether to grant the Right

of Reply is not open to appeal.

A Right of Reply to a Right of Reply is out of order.

VI. POINTS

31. RAISING POINTS

Any of the points below may be raised by any

Delegate at any point providing that it does not

interrupt any speaker (with the exception of a Point

of Personal Privilege in extreme circumstances). A

Delegate wishing to raise a point shall, at the

appropriate time, raise their placard and state the

point they wish to raise and then wait for the

Director to ask them to state it fully. The Director

shall then take any action required as per the Rules

below. Points shall be recognised before any Motion

or speakers.

32. POINT OF PERSONAL PRIVILEGE

If there is a circumstance preventing a Delegate

from participating in the proceedings to their fullest

ability, or if the Delegate is in personal discomfort,

he or she may rise to a Point of Personal Privilege.

For instance, Points of Personal Privilege may be

raised when the Delegate cannot hear what has been

said, if the Delegate cannot see something being

projected on a screen, or if the Delegate is not

comfortable with the temperature in the room.

A Point of Personal Privilege may only interrupt a

speaker if the Delegate raising the point cannot hear

the speaker. If appropriate, the Director will request

that the speaker raise their volume and/or speak

more clearly or take any other appropriate action.

Points of Privilege for any other circumstance may

not interrupt a speaker (except in cases of absolute

emergency, at the discretion of the Director).

33. POINT OF ORDER

During the discussion of any matter, a Delegate may

raise a Point of Order to indicate an instance of

improper parliamentary procedure either by the

Director, or by a Delegate that has escaped the

Director’s attention.

A Delegate may not, in raising a Point of Order,

speak on the substance of the matter under

discussion, and a Point of Order may under no

circumstances interrupt the speech of a fellow

Delegate. Any questions on order arising during a

speech made by a Delegate should be raised at the

conclusion of the speech.

The Director will immediately rule on a Point of

Order in accordance with these Rules of Procedure.

This decision of the Director is open to appeal.

34. POINT OF PARLIAMENTARY INQUIRY

When the floor is open, a Delegate may raise a Point

of Parliamentary Inquiry to ask the Director a

question only regarding the rules of procedure. A

Point of Parliamentary Inquiry may never interrupt a

speaker.

Delegates with any questions not regarding the rules

of procedure, i.e. with substantive questions related

to the content of the debate, should not raise this

Point, but should instead approach the Dais with the

question during an Unmoderated Caucus or send

them a written note.

VII. RULES GOVERNING WRITTEN PROPOSALS

35. WORKING PAPERS

Working Papers are intended to aid the Committee

in its discussion and formulation of Resolutions and

need not be written in Resolution format.

Delegates may propose Working Papers for

Committee consideration by raising a Motion to

Introduce a Working Paper. Working Papers are not

official documents, but do require the approval of

the Directors before a Motion to introduce them

is raised. The procedure to raise this Motion is the

same as outlined in Rule 12. The motion will be

subject to a Procedural vote without speakers in

accordance with rule 12.2.

Working Papers do not require the signatures of any

Committee members. They will be displayed on

projectors where possible, but will not be printed

by the Secretariat.

Once a Working Paper is introduced, it will be

numbered by the Director and can henceforth be

referred to in debate by that number.

Delegates should note that the Working Paper is not

a necessary precursor to the Draft Resolution;

Delegates wishing to introduce entire Draft

Resolutions may do so directly without trying to first

introduce the Draft Resolution as a Working Paper.

36. DRAFT RESOLUTIONS

A Draft Resolution may be introduced through the

procedure outlined in Rule 37, once it has been

signed by one-fifth of the number of members

(including Observers) present at the beginning of the

Committee session and has received approval of the

Directors.

This list of one-fifth of Committee members should

include both Sponsors and Signatories, each to be

listed in alphabetical order. A Delegate counts as a

Sponsor only if the Delegate has authored, or helped

to write, the Draft Resolution. The role of a Sponsor

indicates support of the Draft Resolution and no

more than four Delegates shall sponsor a Draft

Resolution.

A Delegate counts as a Signatory if the Delegate has

agreed to sign the Draft Resolution. Signing a Draft

Resolution need not indicate support of the Draft

Resolution, and the Signatory has no further

obligations. Note that Sponsors of a Resolution do

count towards the total number of Signatories.

Observers may both sign and sponsor Draft

Resolutions.

Draft Resolutions shall be written in the same style

with regards to form, grammar and

punctuations as those resolutions of the

Committee being modelled.

37. INTRODUCING A DRAFT RESOLUTION

Once a Resolution has been approved as stipulated

above and has been made available to the

Committee, a Sponsor may propose a Motion to

Introduce the Draft Resolution. Before Seconds and

Objections are heard but after the Motion is

entertained by the Director, the operative clauses of

the Draft Resolution shall be read out by the

proposer of the Motion or by the Director. The

motion will then be subject to a Procedural vote

without speakers in accordance with rule 12.2. Once

a Draft Resolution has been introduced, it will be

numbered, and a Sponsor may call for a Panel of

Authors in accordance with rule 38. If this is not

called for, not granted or once it has already taken

place the Director must ask for and accept a Motion

for a Moderated Caucus of at least ten minutes to

discuss the Draft Resolution. The first speaker must

be a Sponsor of the Draft Resolution. More than

one Draft Resolution may be on the floor at any one

time, but only one final Resolution may be

passed per Agenda item.

Once the Committee has passed a Draft Resolution on

the floor, or all the Draft Resolutions have been put to

a vote, the Committee will move to discuss the next

Agenda item.

38. PANEL OF AUTHORS (FORMAL CAUCUS)

After a Draft Resolution has been introduced but

before any Moderated Caucus discussing it, any of its

Sponsors may call for a Panel of Authors

(alternatively referred to as a Formal Caucus) to be

convened for the purpose of answering questions

raised by the Committee relating to the Draft 16be

decided at the discretion of the Director. This

decision of the Director is open to appeal.

If granted, the Director shall set a time limit of no

more than twenty minutes during which Delegates

will be appointed by the director to ask short

questions of the Sponsors for the sole purpose of

clarifying the content or meaning of the

Resolution. Both the time taken for questions and

for answers count towards the time limit.

Delegates should note that the Panel of

Authors is not meant for the debate of

principles, but is instead a forum for

strict clarification of the details of a

Draft Resolution.

39. AMENDMENTS

An Amendment is a proposal that simply adds to,

deletes from or revises operative clauses of a Draft

Resolution. Delegates may amend any Draft

Resolution that has been formally introduced.

Amendments do not require signatories, and may

be submitted directly by the Sponsor to the

Directors for approval. Once approved, the Sponsor

may then formally introduce the Amendment when

the floor is open, in accordance with rule 40.

Amendments to an Amendment currently under

debate i.e. Amendments to the Second Degree are

permitted. The same rules regarding Amendments to

the First Degree apply to Amendments to the

Second Degree. Once an Amendment to the Second

Degree passes, the Amendment to the First Degree

automatically passes. Should an Amendment to the

Second Degree be rejected, debate resumes on the

Amendment to the First Degree.

Amendments to the Third Degree are out of

order; although part of a Draft Resolution that has

previously been successfully amended may be

further amended through a separate Amendment.

Amendments may not affect pre-ambulatory clauses.

Note that being the Sponsor or Signatory of a Draft

Resolution neither precludes nor obliges Delegates

to support Amendments.

40. INTRODUCING AN AMENDMENT

Once an Amendment has been approved, one of its

Sponsors may raise a Motion to introduce the

Amendment as per Rule 12. Before Seconds and

Objections are heard, but after the Motion is

entertained by the Director, the Sponsor shall read

out the Amendment. The motion will then be

subject to a Procedural vote without speakers in

accordance with rule 12.2.

Delegates should note that the vote on the Motion

to Introduce the Amendment is separate from the

vote on whether to incorporate the Amendment to

the Draft Resolution; merely voting in favour of

introducing the Amendment does not mean

support for the Amendment itself.

The Director shall then establish a Speakers’ list,

with Speakers both for and against the Amendment

such that the number of speakers in each category is

equal. The Sponsor of the Amendment should

begin. Director shall determine the maximum time

limit for these speeches.

Once the Speakers’ list on the Amendment has been

exhausted, debate on the Amendment automatically

closes. The Committee shall then vote on making

the Amendment part of the Draft Resolution. This

is a Procedural vote without speakers in accordance

with rule 12.2. Before the voting procedure has

started but after closure of debate on the

Amendment, Delegates may move to Divide the

Question in accordance with rule 46 if the

Amendment involves more than one operative

clause.

If an Amendment fails, it cannot be reintroduced.

41. FRIENDLY AMENDMENTS

If an Amendment is signed by all the sponsors of a

Draft Resolution and once it has been approved by

the Director, it may be introduced as a Friendly

Amendment by one of its Sponsors. There can be no

Objections to introducing a Friendly Amendment,

and hence Friendly Amendments do not require a

vote to be introduced. Once the operative clauses

have been read out, the Amendment is assumed to

be introduced. Friendly Amendments do however

require a vote to be included in the Draft

Resolution.

Unlike with other Amendments, there shall be no

Speakers’ list to discuss the Friendly Amendment.

Once the Friendly Amendment has been introduced,

the Committee shall move straight to a vote on

incorporating the Friendly Amendment in the Draft

Resolution. This is a Procedural vote without

speakers in accordance with rule 12.2.

An Amendment should be declared as friendly when it

is submitted for approval to the Director, who may

at his or her discretion request that it be

introduced as a normal Amendment.

If the Friendly Amendment fails, it can however be

re-introduced as a general Amendment.

42. COMPETENCE

A Motion to question the competence of the

Committee to discuss a Resolution or an

Amendment is in order only before the Resolution

or Amendment has been formally introduced. A

Delegate can raise a Motion questioning competence

by raising his or her placard and stating it orally after

the operative clauses of the Resolution or

Amendment in question have been read out and

before voting on the Resolution or Amendment’s

introduction. The Motion will be subject to a

Procedural vote with speakers in accordance with

rule 12.1. There will be at most One speaker for each

side. Should the Motion pass, the Resolution or

Amendment shall not be introduced.

A Motion of Competence should only be called if it is

not in the Committee’s mandate to discuss what is

proposed by the document, or if it is not in its power to

somehow implement it.

VIII. RULES GOVERNING VOTING

43. PROCEDURAL VOTING

Each member of the Committee, including

Observers, shall have one vote on a procedural

Motion. Delegates will express their vote by raising

their placards, and a simple majority is required

unless explicitly stated elsewhere in these rules,

namely when voting to appeal a Director’s Decision

or Close Debate on an Agenda Item. Delegates

must vote for or against in procedural votes;

abstentions are not in order.

44. SUBSTANTIVE VOTING

A substantive vote is taken only on passing a

Draft Resolution. After closure of debate on an

Agenda Item, the Director will entertain any

Motions on the floor as outlined in Rule 45, 46 and

48. Then, the Committee will move into substantive

voting procedure on all Draft Resolutions in the

order that they were introduced, unless they have

been Reordered in accordance with Rule 45. In a

substantive vote, members may vote ‘Yes’, ‘No’, or

‘Abstain’; members ‘present and voting’ cannot

abstain, as stipulated in Rule 14. Observers may not

vote, in accordance with Rule 5. Delegates will

express their vote by raising their placards, except in

the case of a Roll Call vote.

In the case of a Roll Call vote, Delegates may also

‘pass’, with reference to Rule 48. Alternatively,

Delegates may vote ‘with rights’ as stipulated in Rule

49.

After the Director has announced the beginning of

voting, no Delegate can interrupt the voting except

with a Point of Personal Privilege or a Point of

Order relating to the conduct of voting. Delegates

may neither leave not re-enter the Committee

room from outside while voting is taking place.

45. MOTION TO REORDER DRAFT RESOLUTIONS

If two or more Draft Resolutions are on the floor,

they will be voted on in the order in which they were

submitted, unless the Committee decides otherwise.

A Motion to reorder will be in order immediately

after Closure of Debate, but prior to entering voting

procedure.

A Motion to Reorder Draft Resolutions is subject to

a Procedural vote without speakers in accordance

with rule 12.2.

If this Motion to Reorder passes, the Director will

recognise all subsequent Motions that specify how the

Draft Resolutions are to be reordered.

Once this is done, the Committee will then vote on

each of these Motions that specifies the manner of

reordering in the order in which they were

introduced. Voting will continue until either a

Motion passes, receiving a simple majority or a

Second with no Objections, or all of the Motions

fail, in which case the Committee will move into

voting procedure, voting on the proposals in their

original order.

46. DIVISION OF THE QUESTION

After debate on an Amendment or general Debate

has been closed, a Delegate may move for specific

operative clauses of the Amendment or of any Draft

Resolution to be voted on separately. This should be

raised orally after debate has closed but before

voting has started, and should include a brief

description of the specific Division moved for. A

Motion to Reorder supersedes Division of the

Question. Division of the question may not

separate pre-ambulatory clauses or sub-operative

clauses.

If there are multiple Motions for different divisions,

those shall be voted upon in an order to be set by

the Director where the most radical division will

be voted upon first. The most radical division is

considered that which separates the proposal into

the greatest number of divisions, unless the Director

expressly states that another proposal would be

substantively more radical.

A Motion to Divide the Question is subject to a

Procedural vote without speakers in accordance with

rule 12.2. If the Motion passes, the Draft Resolution

or Amendment will be divided accordingly. Then, a

separate Procedural vote without speakers will be

taken on each divided part to determine whether or

not it is included in the final draft.

Parts of the Resolution or Amendment that are

subsequently passed will be recombined into a final

document, which is then carried into the final vote

on the proposal. This final vote is procedural if

dealing with an Amendment and substantive if

dealing with a Draft Resolution. If all of the

operative parts of Amendment or Resolution are

rejected, it will be considered that the proposal has

been rejected as a whole.

47. DEFINITION OF MAJORITY

Unless specified otherwise in these rules, decisions

of the Committee shall be made by a simple majority

of those present during the session. In a substantive

vote, abstentions are not counted as votes for or

against, so a simple majority of 'Yes' over 'No' votes

is required, unless specified otherwise by the

Committee Specific Procedures.

A simple majority is defined as more votes in favour

than against. A tie is taken as a failure. A two-thirds

majority requires at least twice as many votes for as

against.

48. METHOD OF VOTING

The Committee shall normally vote by a show of

placards. During voting procedure on a substantive

matter, a Delegate may Motion for a Roll Call vote.

This Motion should be put forth after Closure of

Debate, and before moving into voting procedure. A

Motion to Divide the Question supersedes a Motion

for a Roll Call vote. The Delegate moving for a Roll

Call vote should indicate on which Draft

Resolution(s) this Motion applies. If there are

multiple motions for Roll Call votes on the floor,

applying to different Draft Resolutions, they shall be

voted on in an order to be set by the Director where

the Motion affecting the most Draft Resolutions will

be voted on first. A Motion for a Roll Call vote is

subject to a Procedural vote without speakers in

accordance with rule 12.2.

When the Committee has entered substantive voting

procedure and has reached the point of voting on a

Draft Resolution for which a Motion for a Roll Call

Vote has passed, the Director will select by lot

where to begin and proceed to call on Member

States in alphabetical order thereafter. One

Delegate per Member State shall reply ‘Yes’, ‘No’,

‘No with Rights’, ‘Abstention’, or ‘Pass’.

Delegates may not vote ‘Yes with

Rights.”

Only those Member States, who designated

themselves as ‘present’ or ‘present and voting’ during

the beginning of that session or have communicated

in some other manner their attendance to the

Director, are permitted to vote. As such, no others

will be called during a Roll Call vote. Any

representatives replying ‘Pass’, must, during the

second and final round of voting, respond with

either ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ and may not pass again or

abstain from voting.

49. RIGHT TO EXPLAIN VOTE

A sponsor of a proposal or Motion may speak in

explanation of their vote against the proposal, if it

has been amended. Herein representatives may

choose to vote 'No with Rights' and make a brief

statement consisting solely of the explanation of

their vote after voting has been completed. The

Director may use their discretion to grant the

Delegate the right to briefly address the Committee

immediately after voting on the Agenda Item has

come to an end.

 

 




 

 

 

 

 

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